Swedish heat energy system – new tensions and lock-ins after a successful transition

By District Energy posted 08-01-2017 11:45


Adis Dzebo and Björn Nykvist, Stokholm Environment Institute
July, 2017


This policy brief highlights the successes and challenges Sweden's heat energy system faces as it moves towards a low carbon energy system.

Sweden has successfully begun a transition to a low-carbon energy system, reducing domestic greenhouse gas emissions by 24% from 1990 to 2014 and by more than 40% since the mid-1970s.

In terms of energy for heating, the share of fossil fuels is now below 5%. This has been achieved by removing oil and other fossil fuels for heating in both detached homes and blocks of flats over the past 50 years. Fossil fuel energy has been replaced by both district heating and electricity through resistive heating and heat pumps, which provide up to 75% of the energy demand for heating in buildings.

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