As sustainable energy moves up the political agenda, low carbon solutions for heating and cooling are coming to the fore. District heating in Dresden is turning greener thanks to the Innovation Power Plant Reick
Decarbonization and efficiency of the energy production process is by far the most important step towards compliance with the Paris Agreement. Thus, in order to fulfill the EU's climate and energy goals, the heating and cooling sector must sharply reduce its energy consumption and cut its fossil fuels usage. According to Eurostat's 2018 figures, 75% of the heating and cooling systems in Europe are still generated from fossil fuels while only 19% are generated from renewable energy. Moreover, half of the EU's energy consumption are spent on the heating and cooling systems in buildings and industries with 79% of it dedicated to heating and hot water usage in households as reported by the EC. These numbers exhibit the crucial role of district energy in smart cities. In the form of district heating and cooling networks (DHC), these infrastructures decarbonise and generate new business opportunities and economic growth for the local communities.