Nine countries border the Baltic Sea. Eight are in the EU and the ninth is Russia. As the EU’s energy war with Russia heats up, this region is on the front line. As Russian President Vladimir Putin threatens to shut off the gas taps to Europe, leaders of the eight EU countries bordering the Baltic Sea met at a summit in Copenhagen at the end of August to discuss how to revive old connections with a Hanseatic League of energy.
Areas of collaboration discussed at the summit included green hydrogen distribution focused on shipping and aviation, cooperation between transmission system operators, and looking at knowledge-sharing for combined heat and power plants. National leaders also discussed public-private collaboration for these projects.