The European institutions have therefore a fundamental role in designing this decade and the trajectory through 2050 by undertaking a serious discussion on the future of the European economic and social architecture, also evaluating which measures can be implemented to combine the clean energy transition project with a long-term industrial strategy.
Waste heat recovery represents a leading technology to harness such an important energy source, generating energy (electricity and heat) without emissions of additional CO2 and, consequently, it should be treated as a fully renewable source.
Waste heat can, in fact, be used either directly in district heating and cooling, and to convert residual, low-grade heat into useful power for self-consumption, in production processes or delivered to the grid.
Utilizing waste heat and cascading its use can help decarbonize hard-to-abate industries and cities, and deliver systems integration locally and industrial symbiosis. Excess heat can become one of the main sources of clean heat and power generation, thus playing a key role in the global path toward decarbonization.